Some small "lock-ups" were also called Houses of Correction - an example survives in Hawarden, Flintshire: Originally applied to workhouse schools where industrial training was given to pauper children.After 1856, the term was more commonly applied to schools set up to detain vagrant, destitute and disorderly children who were considered in danger of becoming criminals.The dietary specified the food to be served to each class of inmate (male/female, adult/children etc.) for each meal of the week, often including the exact amount to be provided. A small outbuilding, room, or room-fitting used as a toilet, where dry earth is used to cover and deodorise deposits.After 1834, the Poor Law Commissioners devised a set of six slightly different standard dietaries from which each union could select the one it preferred, based on the local availability of various foodstuffs. (See also Privy, Water Closet, Water Closet, Lavatory, Laundry.) Diagram of an earth-closet. Ex officio is a Latin phrase meaning "by virtue of one's office".In the autumn of 1830, agricultural labourers across southern England protested against low wages, expensive food, and the growing mechanization of farms.
They were elected annually by the rate-payers in each parish in a Union.
Ex officio members of a union's Board of Guardians were people, usually local Justices of the Peace, who were entitled to a seat on their local Board without needing to be elected.
An establishment originally offering a wide range of care, not only medical but also non-medical provision such as shelter and food, the education of children, and sanctuary for those incapacitated by old age or chronic infirmity.
(See also Infirmary.) An early form of disciplinary institution dating back to the 16th century.
In addition to its function of a gaol for the rogue, it might also include a workhouse for the poor, hospital for the old, and industrial school for the young.