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had a noun of die same radical structure with this Ibemo-Celtic word |»b, from which the Latins derived the verb fodioy as verbs are gene- rally formed upon and derived from the nouns.
This Celtic word pob is evidently the root of the \ja Axnfeodttm, sometimes written fevdum^ of which it likewise furnishes the true sense and common meaning ; as it signifies a piece of land or ground assigned for improvement, under some obligation to the paramount, by which this kind of tenure or property is distinguished from alloditim. Dalrimple, have advanced that the Germans were the first authors of the feodc U tenure; an opinion which plainly shews that those writers 4iave not dipped very deep into the German antiquities, and the manner in which those people lived in the times of Caesar and Tacitus; nor con- 9Ídered that the Emperor Alexander Severus in the year 222 e^blished feodal tenures, called military benefice Sy on the frontiers of the empire, obliging the proprietors of them to defend the limits of the empire against the barbÍEirians, by defending at the same time their own properties.
Égmpare antiqtw; p^juion úUSb, aniincient knid property; IM.
Digiti zed by Google Digiti zed by Google OR, AN IRISH-ENGLISH DICTIONARY; WHEKSOP THE IRISH PART HATH BEEN COMPILED NOT ONLY FROM VARIOUS Hll SH VOCABULARIES, PARTICULARLY THAT OF MR.
EDWARD LHUVD, BUT ALSO PROlf A GREAT VARIITT OF TUB BEST IRISH MANUSCRIPTS NOW EXTANT ; S8PBCIALI. Pottremo, ad per Sciend MO, Tel oeite valde promorendain litteratunun Celttcam, dl Ugentli M Unco» Hiber- niem «nidiii Tn acyungendum cenieo» ut Lhuydlui ^pr^e faocre coei^t.
This circumstance of Albain» the first name of the whole island» being limited at last to the northern parts of it» is clearly evinced by Áe constant tradition of the Irish» who never» even to this day» gave any other name than that of Albain to the country now called Scotland by the Ekiglish.
And to finish my observations on this subject, I shall remark that Kimryy or Kmrcteg, the national name the Welch distinguish themselves by» though I do not find that they can account for its radical dmvation in their own language» is a very plain Guidhelian or Irish word still of common use in Ireland» Cum^f X in the Irish lan- guage signifies a deep valley betwe^i two hills, as came^ac does a tract of land consisting of hills and deep valleys ; and the innabitants of such a country are very properly called Cum tive or satis&ctory explication ; and examfdes which will justify in some measure my preceding assertion, ^ that very considerable supplements to the works of these two learned writers may easily be made up with the help of the Irish language." First, I diall instance in the word allodium, in old English, alleud, and m French^ alien, Qr Jranc-allet L It is agreed upon tbst this word signifies a free hereditary property of lone staming in a family, and de- scending from fiither to son, without chief-rent or other obligation to any lord paramount But the radical derivation of the word is far from being agreed upon by our ^ossograi^^rs, as appears at the words a Uo- dium in Ducange, and alien, or franc-e Uleu, in Menage.